The size, structure, efficiency and extensive movement inherent in the swine industry will present unprecedented challenges in the event of a foreign animal disease (FAD) outbreak. A Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Plan is being developed to enhance communication and coordination, accelerate a successful FAD response, and support continuity of operations for pork producers.
FADs addressed in the SPS Plan include:
- Foot and mouth disease (FMD)
- Classical swine fever (CSF)
- African swine fever (ASF)
The goal of the SPS Plan is to develop procedures that pork producers, processors, and Federal and State agencies all agree are feasible to allow for the safe movement of animals from farms in an FAD Control Area to harvest channels or other production sites as long as they have no evidence of disease.
In the event of a foreign animal disease (FAD) outbreak in the U.S., maintaining business continuity for the pork industry is critical for food security and animal health and well-being. The goal of the Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Plan is to provide a workable business continuity plan for pork premises with no evidence of the FAD infection and associated industries that is credible to Responsible Regulatory Officials. Having the SPS Plan in place prior to an FAD outbreak will enhance coordination and communication between all parties, speed up a successful FAD response, and support continuity of operations for pork producers and associated industries. In an actual outbreak, decisions will be made by Responsible Regulatory Officials based on the unique characteristics of each outbreak.
Existing biosecurity plans on hog production sites may offer protection against endemic diseases but heightened precautions are needed for foreign animal diseases (FADs). The enhanced biosecurity recommendations outlined in the checklist below are based on the known exposure routes for the three FADs of concern. This document emphasizes four concepts that all pork production sites must implement to help protect their animals from endemic diseases and to be prepared in the event of an FAD outbreak in the U.S.:
- A Biosecurity Manager,
- A written site-specific biosecurity plan,
- A defined Perimeter Buffer Area, and
- A defined Line of Separation.
This enhanced biosecurity checklist and the corresponding Information Manual for Enhanced Biosecurity can be used to develop a site-specific, written, enhanced biosecurity plan.
Surveillance in the SPS Plan is the ability to demonstrate a lack of evidence of an FAD infection in order to request a movement permit. Other producers, and those managing the disease outbreak, want some assurances that the animals are not infected and able to spread the FAD. Potential surveillance methods are described in this Surveillance Guidance document.
One surveillance method involves on-site Swine Health Monitors conducting daily inspections of all animals on the site, documenting these observations, and promptly reporting any abnormal findings to regulatory officials. This Active Observational Surveillance (AOS) supplements periodic inspection by animal health officials and laboratory testing.
Incident Command Officials must make decisions to implement a standstill order at the beginning of a foreign animal disease (FAD) outbreak and on re-starting animal movement during the outbreak. Many factors influence the controlled movement decisions and need to be considered. Discussions are occurring with the goal of getting consensus on the optimal approach to managing animal movement in an FAD outbreak. However, in an actual outbreak, decisions will need to be made by the Federal and State Incident Command Officials based on the unique characteristics of each outbreak. The Incident Command Officials will simultaneously be making many other decisions as they set up the Incident Command Post, including controlling movement of milk, cattle, sheep, and goats, as well as inputs needed to enable producers to feed and care for their animals.