CategorySwine Health-Foreign Animal Disease
Date Full Report Received12/08/2016
Date Abstract Report Received12/08/2016
Funded ByNational Pork Board
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most contagious and economically relevant diseases affecting livestock and is rapidly transmitted between hosts. Fortunately, the US swine industry has not experienced an FMD epidemic for almost a century. However, the recent introduction of pathogens, such as PED, demonstrate the need for increasing the industry’s ability to early respond and efficiently mitigate the potential impact of introductions of devastating diseases, such as FMD. Here, disease transmission models have been used to predict the spread of FMD virus and evaluate the impact of control strategies.
The objective of this project was to combine measureable information on FMD virus transmission into a disease model to measure the impact of movement data on the spread of FMD within a production system in the US to capture both within-herd and between-herd transmission. We aim to use these data to develop control strategies that incorporate currently accepted OIE containment strategies (i.e. movement bans, culling, and vaccination) and tailored control strategies based on characteristics of farms that may increase their risk of infection (i.e. number of shipments of animals received). The results of this study show that: