Productivity Measures of U.S. Pork Industry

Pigs/
Litter
Litters/
Breeding
Animal
Slaughter/
Breeding
Animal
Pork
Production/
Breeding
Animal
(lbs.)
Live Weight
(lbs.)
Dressing Percent Dressed Weight
(lbs.)
Lard Yield
(lbs.)
Retail Meat
(lbs.)
Retail Meat Yield
(lbs.)
1974 7.10 1.43 8.52 1,706.00 245.3 77.8 190.7 129.0 52.6
1975 7.17 1.36 8.30 1,583.74 240.3 77.6 186.4 14.8 130.0 54.1
1976 7.26 1.43 8.19 1,537.52 238.3 78.4 186.8 14.4 131.0 55.0
1977 7.15 1.42 8.14 1,535.37 237.5 71.5 169.8 13.5 131.0 55.2
1978 7.12 1.40 7.83 1,487.15 240.2 71.4 171.5 13 132.0 55.0
1979 7.09 1.46 8.02 1,535.79 242.0 71.2 172.3 13 133.0 55.0
1980 7.22 1.51 9.21 1,766.39 242.0 71.0 171.9 12.8 133.0 55.0
1981 7.39 1.53 9.89 1,891.02 243.1 71.0 172.5 12.9 134.0 55.1
1982 7.38 1.57 10.11 1,917.80 242.8 70.9 172.3 11.2 134.0 55.2
1983 7.47 1.61 10.26 1,954.39 243.4 71.3 173.7 11.2 135.0 55.5
1984 7.50 1.62 10.81 2,058.53 243.8 71.2 173.6 11 135.0 55.4
1985 7.65 1.63 11.22 2,140.32 245.0 71.4 174.9 11 136.0 55.5
1986 7.72 1.65 11.23 2,157.08 246.3 71.8 176.8 11 138.0 56.0
1987 7.76 1.63 10.62 2,166.23 247.8 71.5 177.3 10.6 137.0 55.3
1988 7.70 1.67 11.05 2,212.50 249.2 71.8 178.9 10.6 138.0 55.4
1989 7.79 1.68 11.44 2,225.16 248.8 71.8 178.7 138.0 55.5
1990 7.88 1.66 11.26 2,209.37 249.9 72.3 180.6 140.6 56.3
1991 7.90 1.67 11.12 2,187.08 252.2 72.0 181.7 141.3 56.0
1992 8.08 1.69 11.99 2,357.87 253.0 71.8 181.8 142.1 56.2
1993 8.10 1.68 11.92 2,366.58 254.3 72.3 183.8 143.0 56.2
1994 8.19 1.70 12.02 2,415.50 255.7 72.6 185.5 143.9 56.3
1995 8.31 1.71 12.68 2,554.05 256.5 72.4 185.8 144.1 56.2
1996 8.50 1.68 12.61 2,537.57 254.0 73.2 186.0 144.3 56.8
1997 8.68 1.69 12.25 2,495.29 256.3 73.5 188.4 146.2 57.0
1998 8.71 1.76 13.29 2,727.17 256.6 73.6 188.8 146.5 57.1
1999 8.79 1.82 14.37 3,008.14 258.9 73.7 190.9 148.2 57.2
2000 8.83 1.83 14.24 3,037.44 262.5 74.1 194.5 150.9 57.5
2001 8.84 1.84 14.20 3,111.26 264.3 74.4 196.5 152.5 57.7
2002 8.85 1.87 14.62 3,246.63 265.3 74.4 197.5 153.3 57.8
2003 8.88 1.91 14.78 3,381.52 266.6 74.6 198.8 154.2 57.9
2004 8.94 1.93 15.14 3,505.82 266.9 74.7 199.3 154.7 58.0
2005 9.02 1.93 15.18 3,519.86 268.9 74.7 200.9 155.9 58.0
2006 9.08 1.95 15.01 3,544.74 269.3 74.9 201.7 156.5 58.1
2007 9.22 2.05 15.24 3,631.34 269.1 74.9 201.5 156.4 58.1
2008 9.41 2.04 16.70 3,947.24 268.4 74.9 200.9 155.9 58.1
2009 9.62 1.98 17.33 4,003.70 270.8 74.9 202.9 157.5 58.1
2010 9.78 1.93 17.10 3,935.28 272.6 74.8 204.0 158.3 58.1
2011 9.97 1.92 17.33 4,027.33 274.8 74.8 205.6 159.5 58.0
2012 10.08 1.90 17.83 4,135.38 275.1 74.8 205.8 159.7 58.0
2013 10.22 1.86 17.84 4,120.13 276.5 74.9 207.2 160.8 58.1
2014 9.93 1.86 16.96 4,055.80 285.1 75.0 213.9 166.0 58.2
2015 10.38 1.89 18.28 4,343.90 283.4 75.4 212.6 165.8 58.5
2016 10.50 1.94 18.73 4,426.00 282.1 74.9 211.3 164.0 58.1
2017 10.60 1.97 19.24 4,537.00 282.6 74.7 211.2 163.9 58.0

Notes:
Slaughter/breeding animal computed as U.S.-born barrow and gilt slaughter divided by average sow herd for the year.
Pork production/breeding animal computed as U.S. pork production (all of U.S. born pigs’ weights, 200 lbs./head on imported feeder pigs, none of the production from imported slaughter hogs) divided by average breeding herd.
No ongoing data for lard yield. The retail meat yield is computed by multiplying the carcass yield by a constant carcass to retail factor from USDA-ERS. This factor is about 17 years old, but it is all that is available.
Updated: 6.14.18

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