Click here to read the Swine ID program standards document.

What are the Swine ID program standards?

A set of animal identification and recordkeeping standards that will enable animal health officials to perform a systematic trace-back within 48 hours of the discovery of a catastrophic swine disease.

Who wrote the program standards?

The Pork Industry Identification Working Group, a species-specific working group representing the swine industry, developed a set of swine-specific program standards that are based on how we identify and move pigs today.

What is the foundation of the program standards?

The program standards are premises-based so they work with a unique standardized site identifier like the standard premises identification number (PIN) that 95% of estimated swine premises already have.

What is the standard premises identification number?

The standard premises identification number (PIN) is a seven-character alphanumeric code standardized across states that identifies a physical location in which livestock may be located. The standard PIN is provided to pork producers by the federal government through the sate animal health official when a producer registers with the state. The standard PIN is different than the state-based premises identifier used for pseudorabies virus eradication that uses the state’s two-letter postal abbreviation followed by a state-assigned number series which was not a standard length across all states.

What do the program standards cover?

  • Swine ID methods categorized by breeder, feeder, and purebred/crossbred swine

  • Movement recording requirements

  • Movement reporting requirements

What types of ID methods are allowed?
Group/lot identification may be used unless the animals are commingled outside the production system other than directly to slaughter. Animals not eligible for group designation must be identified with official identification methods or devices. This is similar to what occurs today.

For most grow-finish pigs within a production system, a group/lot or premises ID will be adequate animal identification. For sows/boars, an official premises tag will be adequate identification when they enter the harvest chain.

What are the movement recording requirements?
Movement data will be captured and maintained as production records by the individual owners, production systems and markets.

Basic records will consist of the shipping and receiving premises identification numbers (PIN), date of movement, number of head in shipment, group/lot number or individual identification numbers.

Under the Swine ID Plan, records are kept by the producer and only used by animal health authorities during investigations or under declared emergency conditions.

What are the Swine Movement Reporting Requirements?
All interstate movements of swine and semen must be reported either via a certificate of veterinary inspection (CVI)or an interstate movement report (IMR) for group/lot identified. The certificate or report must conform to applicable state and federal regulations. The premises identification numbers (PINs) of the shipping and receiving premises must be recorded on the CVI or IMR.


Why should we continue to use the standard PIN as the unique site identifier?

Producers are encouraged to get a standard PIN if they have not already done so because it has been integrated not only into the Swine ID Program standards, but into Pork Quality Assurance® Plus (PQA Plus®) for site assessments and as a part of national surveillance programs for swine brucellosis, classical swine fever, pseudorabies and trichina.


How can producers get a standard premises identification number?

According to USDA, if a producer does not have a standard PIN and needs one, he/she can contact their state animal health officials to acquire one.

To register for a standard PIN, producers are required to provide the entity name, contact person, premises address, contact phone and operation type (production unit, market, exhibition, slaughter plant, etc.). Some states may also request information on the livestock species that are raised on the site.