Disease surveillance is defined as the systematic collection of pertinent health data, the evaluation of these data and the prompt dissemination of the results to those who need to know. A quick way to define surveillance is “information for action”. Pork specific national surveillance programs are for Classical Swine Fever (CSF), Brucellosis and Pseudorabies (PRV). Should one of these diseases be detected, the action will be; control then eradicate. Foot and Mouth Disease surveillance is another USDA surveillance priority.
The successful program to eradicate Pseudorabies Virus from the United States domestic swine herd is coming to closure. This disease is being eradicated through a strong state, industry and federal cooperative effort. In fact, the Checkoff Swine Health Committee began as the Pseudorabies Committee, a group of pork producers determined to build relationships and provide information exchange with state and federal animal health officials.
Pseudorabies virus is still found in the feral swine of the United States and serves as a potential means for reintroduction. Pork producers must be diligent to prevent contact between feral and commercial swine. The USDA is presently re-evaluating their PRV surveillance plans in order to focus more on the feral/commercial interface, now that the virus is eradicated from commercial production.
Click here to learn more on how PRV was eradicated from the United States with the help of Checkoff sponsored programs and research (old PRV section)
Click here to learn more about USDA APHIS VS PRV surveillance program
The pork industry can’t afford to be left behind due to health concerns or a lack of national and international consumer confidence. Producers will benefit from the information and quality programs generated by the Swine Futures Project. This site offers more information about the goals and progress of this exciting collaboration.
Brucellosis has been eradicated from commercial swine in most states. Venereal exposure to breeding-age feral swine remains a constant threat to commercial herds, especially those housed outdoors. Brucellosis is zoonotic to humans, causing undulant fever, arthritis and even infertility. The USDA surveillance program for Brucellosis focuses on testing of slaughter breeding animals, which are highest risk.
Click here for more information on US Swine Brucellosis eradication program
Swine Futures Project
Pork producers realize that the U.S. government must be prepared to meet the changing needs of a dynamic industry. In response to their concerns, the Swine Futures Project (SFP) was created. The National Pork Board joined representatives from industry and Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services’ Veterinary Services to find ways to protect and improve the health of the national swine herd, support production of a quality product and promote access to international markets. The SFP team specifically focuses on surveillance of the national herd, detection of and response to emerging animal diseases and quality assurance through certification.
Swine Futures Project Final Report
This 400-page report provides a thorough discussion of the potential USDA services in the areas of surveillance, emerging issues and quality assurance. To order, contact the Pork Checkoff Producer Service Center at 1-800-456-PORK.
These presentations were conducted with pork producer checkoff funds by the National Pork Producers Council (NPPC) through a general contractor agreement with the National Pork Board prior to the Settlement Agreement announced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture on Feb. 28, 2001.
The Settlement Agreement required a separation of activities between the National Pork Board and NPPC, including the Internet sites. As part of that separation, the Internet-based report of this checkoff-funded program is located on the National Pork Board’s website. Any mention to NPPC in these presentations, including staff titles, reflects work conducted as a contractor to the National Pork Board.
Emerging and Foreign Animal Diseases — Roles for Swine Practitioners
PowerPoint presentation aimed at helping swine practitioners, this project outlines the Swine Futures Project and risks associated with emerging swine diseases.
Swine Futures Project — A Cooperative Strategy for the 21st Century
This presentation provides a detailed review of the Swine Futures Project.
Links pertaining to disease surveillance:
National Surveillance Unit
The National Surveillance Unit was established by Veterinary Services to coordinate activities related to U.S. animal health surveillance; to focus on surveillance evaluation, integration, and enhancement; and to address the recommendations regarding surveillance in the 2001 Animal Health Safeguarding Review.
Veterinary Services- Swine
This site offers information on Pseudorabies Virus, the Trichinae Pilot Program, and the Swine Health Protection Act, as well as other helpful information.
National Animal Health Reporting System (NAHRS)
NAHRS was designed to provide data from chief State animal health officials on the presence of confirmed Office International des Epizooties (OIE) LIST A and B clinical diseases in specific commercial livestock, poultry, and aquaculture species in the United States.
Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 9 Animals and Animal Products
Find current federal regulations on control of PRV, Brucellosis and Trichinosis.