Number of U.S. Hog Operations by Year

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Number of U.S. Hog Operations by Year

 

Number of U.S. Hog Operations
Inventory (thousand head)  Operation Size
Number of Head in Inventory
Year Total Avg. Per Operation 1 to 99 100 to 499 500+ 1,000+ 2,000+ 5,000+ Total Operations
1977 56,539 87.39 504,013 120,989 21,998 647,000
1978 60,356 95 498,711 113,083 23,506 635,300
1979 67,318 103.05 501,688 124,116 27,436 653,240
1980 64,462 96.71 515,243 123,312 27,995 666,550
1981 58,698 101.32 445,489 106,593 27,228 579,310
1982 54,534 113.37 366,071 90,436 24,533 481,040
1983 56,694 122.69 340,575 93,808 27,727 462,110
1984 54,073 126.18 319,255 83,563 25,712 428,530
1985 52,314 134.63 286,765 75,771 26,034 388,570
1986 51,001 147.36 251,261 70,256 24,572 346,090
1987 54,384 165.48 230,377 73,287 24,977 8,545 328,640
1988 55,466 165.81 226,447 77,039 30,349 10,339 333,500
1989 53,788 173.88 205,021 74,947 29,731 10,840 309,700
1990 54,416 197.78 178,210 68,860 28,370 10,467 275,440
1991 57,649 227.2 157,412 66,011 30,467 10,917 253,890
1992 58,202 232.93 151,447 65,868 32,186 12,475 249,500
1993 57,940 257.11 137,500 56,940 30,770 12,140 3,743 225,210
1994 59,738 288.45 124,600 53,000 30,380 12,700 4,160 207,980
1995 58,201 320.57 108,800 45,510 28,240 12,520 4,800 181,750
1996 56,124 359.49 94,800 36,270 25,180 12,160 4,960 1,440 156,250
1997 61,158 500.64 69,460 28,010 24,610 12,940 6,180 1,830 122,160
1998 62,204 546.46 61,670 27,320 24,845 13,495 6,670 1,905 113,830
1999 59,335 602.63 52,730 22,850 22,880 13,625 7,125 2,005 98,460
2000 59,110 684.46 48,210 17,775 20,400 12,770 6,915 2,090 86,360
2001 59,722 738.4 45,812 15,405 19,660 12,462 6,993 2,199 80,880
2002 59,554 781.04 45,640 12,261 18,349 12,115 7,084 2,273 76,250
2003 60,453 821.37 44,285 11,615 17,700 12,013 7,136 2,265 73,600
2004 60,982 877.44 42,095 10,358 17,045 11,890 7,441 2,306 69,500
2005 61,463 913.54 40,564 10,116 16,600 11,857 7,598 2,361 67,280
2006 62,516 948.07 39,882 9,602 16,456 11,965 7,749 2,467 65,940
2007 63,947 847.54 52,445 7,079 15,926 12,306 8,258 2,861 75,450
2008 67,400 921.39 50,680 6,740 15,730 12,240 8,290 2,920 73,150
2009 65,327 914.3 50,400 6,100 14,950 11,750 8,200 2,950 71,450
2010 64,925 939.58 49,000 5,200 14,900 12,100 8,450 3,100 69,100
2011 66,361 960.36 49,400 5,100 14,600 12,200 8,800 3,300 69,100
2012 63,246 971.79 47,284 3,584 12,378 10,401 7,724 3,006 63,246
Notes: 1) Categories for 500 head or more are cumulative (i.e. the 500+ column includes the 1,000+ column which includes the 2,000+).
2) USDA data for number of hog operations represent the number of locations that had a hog in inventory on the given date.
Source: USDA — Hogs and Pigs Report through 1994; Farms, Land in Farms and Livestock Operations 1995-2011, 2012 Census of Agriculture 2012

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