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Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS)

The control and elimination of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) will alleviate a major source of economic loss and animal suffering.  The impact of PRRS is approximately $600 million in losses each year to U.S. producers. For this reason, USDA funded  the PRRS CAP that enabled the collective talents of scientists, veterinarians, producers, and allied industry researchers to develop innovative strategies for the control and eventual elimination of PRRS in the U.S. The recent appearance of highly pathogenic PRRS in Asia and its potential threat to U.S. swine herds brings a new sense of urgency to this project.  The activities supported by the CAP are the result of extensive stakeholder input and, when integrated into a logic model, identify well-focused outcomes and impacts as well as a detailed road map for the control and elimination of PRRS. Objectives 1 through 3 are dedicated to the development of tools and knowledge and include investigations of vaccines/immunity, epidemiology/ecology and host genetics.  Objective 4, Extension, is focused on projects and ideas directed at eliminating PRRS from farms and regions. And finally, Objective 5 encompasses active education and outreach programs. In coordination with the National Pork Board, which provides significant infrastructure support, the CAP is actively managed by a stakeholder board in coordination with a project director, co-project directors and a diverse group of PRRSV research scientists and stakeholders.
 
 
What is PADRAP?
The American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV) Production Animal Disease Risk Assessment Program (PADRAP) www.padrap.org was initiated in 2006.  Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Supply Veterinary Medicine provides program coordination to develop, manage and promote disease risk assessment tools and databases of completed risk assessments held by AASV. 

Production Animal Disease Risk Assessment Program (PADRAP) is an epidemiologically-based initiative to help producers and veterinarians manage disease risks faced by North American swine industry.  It offers a set of risk assessment questionnaires, databases and reports for measuring and bechmarking disease risks.  There are currently two risk assessments available within PADRAP: PRRS Risk Assessment for the Breeding Herd and PRRS Risk Assessment for Growing Pig Herd.  PADRAP is designed to easily accommodate risk assessments for other swine disease, other stages of production and even other species.  Plans are currently being made to improve and refine the PRRS Risk Assessment for the Breeding Herd in Spring 2010. 

 
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